Berlin is home to more than 170 museums and galleries… Yes, 170!… and many of them contain some of the most important art collections known to the world.
To see the finest collections in the best museums in Berlin, with exhibitions that range from contemporary art to historical artifacts, here are ten museums that should be on your list when looking to spend a few cultural days in the German capital.
Museums in Museum Island (Museumsinsel)
Museum Island is home to five world-class museums. These are in a unique ensemble of historic buildings, all built under different Prussian kings. Today is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Here you’ll find:
Old Museum (Altes Museum)
The Altes Museum, built between 1823 and 1830 after the design by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, is one of the most important works in the architecture of Classicism.
Its classical architecture is the perfect setting for its ancient Etruscan pottery, as well as Greco-Roman statues, bronze tools, jewelry, and wood and stone sarcophagi.
Address: Am Lustgarten 10178 Berlin
Pergamon Museum (Pergamonmuseum)
This museum was built during the 19th century to house the archeological treasures discovered by archaeologists like Heinrich Schliemann.
The Pergamon Museum is named after the Turkish city from which the 2300-year-old Altar of Zeus was taken. Here you’ll find artifacts that date back more than 3000 years.
This museum is world famous for its monumental reconstruction of archaeological building ensembles such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus, and the Ishtar Gate.
The Processional Way of Babylon and the Mshatta Façade are also ensembles to be blown away.
Address: Am Kupfergraben 510117 Berlin
New Museum (Neues Museum)
This museum has historical artifacts housed in a historical building per se.
It was built between 1843 and 1855, then closed at the beginning of World War II in 1939, when it was heavily damaged during the bombing of Berlin. The museum officially reopened in October 2009.
Exhibits include the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman history, as well as Early History collections, as it did before the war. The artifacts it houses include the iconic bust of the Egyptian queen Nefertiti.
The partly destroyed interior of the Neues Museum ranks among the last remaining examples of interior museum layout of this period in Germany.
Address: Bodestraße 1-310178 Berlin
It is recommended to buy the Berlin WelcomeCard as it allows you to explore Berlin’s most popular and central museums, including free travel on public transport services and up to 200 discounts on Berlin’s major attractions (25% to 50%).
You can also check out these tours in and around Museum Island to experience the best of Berlin’s past and present.
Museums at the Culture Forum (Tiergarten-Kulturforum)
Located close to the Potsdamer Platz at the eastern end of the Tiergarten, this art museum complex has museums like:
Old Masters Paintings (Gemäldegalerie)
When it comes to art, the Gemaeldegalerie can be considered one of Germany’s finest museums.
It holds one of the world’s finest collections of European art from the 13th to the 18th century. Among the almost 3000 paintings you’ll find masterpieces by Dürer, Bruegel, Raffael, Tizian, Caravaggio, Vermeer, Rembrandt, and Rubens.
Address: Stauffenbergstraße 4010785 Berlin
New National Gallery (Neue Nationalgalerie)
Berlin’s New National Gallery at Potsdamer Platz is dedicated to international art from the 20th century.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed the unique glass-and-steel structure that houses this fascinating museum, which is nicknamed “the temple of light and glass.”
Its work spectrum ranges from Classical Modern down to Art of the 1960s and 70s. Among those included are artists like Pablo Picasso, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee, Max Beckmann, Otto Dix, and Yves Klein, among others.
Address: Potsdamer Straße 5010785 Berlin
Museums Throughout the City
Many great museums are not State Museums or not part of the museum complex. Among the best are:
Topography of Terror (Topographie Des Terrors)
Topography of Terror is an outdoor museum located on the site where once stood buildings where, during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945, were the headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS, the principal instruments of repression during the Nazi era.
Honestly, this museum is not for the faint of heart, but it’s one of the few places in Berlin where you get a crude appreciation of Berlin’s history during WWII.
The museum explores both the rise of the Nazi party and its war atrocities. Right at the edge of the museum is a 200 m (656 foot) section of the Berlin Wall.
Address: Niederkirchnerstraße 810963 Berlin
Berlin Wall Documentation Center (Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer)
The Berlin Wall Memorial is the central memorial site of the German division, located in the middle of the capital.
The memorial contains the last piece of the Berlin Wall with the preserved grounds behind it. It is thus able to convey an impression of how the border fortifications developed until the end of the 1980s.
This museum makes the history of Germany’s division easy to comprehend through its audiovisuals, interactive information, and preservation of the wall.
There’s also a viewing platform that gives you a peek at what people faced when attempting to escape by crossing the wall.
You can learn more about the Berlin Wall and its history on one of these highly recommended tours.
Address: Bernauer Strasse 119, 13355 Berlin-Mitte
Jewish Museum Berlin (Jüdisches Museum Berlin)
This museum chronicles the Jewish history and culture in Germany from the Middle Ages to the present-day.
While the extensive exhibition is great, the biggest impression and strongest poetic message are delivered through its building – designed by Daniel Libeskind.
It leaves a lasting impression on its visitors, making them feel completely disoriented, an expression of what Jewish people experienced throughout history and the war.
The architecture is defined by a zig-zag design –made of a broken Star of David– underground tunnels, irregularly shaped windows, and voids that stretch the full height of the building.
Address: Lindenstraße 9-14, 10969 Berlin
Bauhaus Archives – Museum of Design (Bauhaus Archiv)
This is the home to the world’s largest Bauhaus collection, offering an in-depth introduction to the German avant-garde school and its impact on design, art, and architecture worldwide.
The museum is housed in a building designed by the founder of the Bauhaus School, Walter Gropius.
It displays an incredible collection crafted by Bauhaus teachers and students, from ceramics, furniture, and sculpture, to weaving, printing, and bookbinding.
Address: Klingelhöferstraße 14D – 10785 Berlin
Museum for Contemporary Art (Hamburger Bahnhof)
Set in a former train station from 1874 (Located in “no man’s land” between East and West Berlin), this museum is dedicated to contemporary art from the second half of the 20th century onwards.
Painting, sculptures, graphics, photography, video, and installations by international artists like Andy Warhol, Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Joseph Beuys, Jeff Koons, and Pipilotti Rist are on display.
Address: Invalidenstraße 50-5110557 Berlin
Essential Info: Logistical Tips and Tricks to Book your Trip
BOOK YOUR FLIGHT
When it comes to cheap airfare, I highly recommend using Skyscanner, Expedia, and CheapAir. These are three of the sites I use the most due to their exhaustive search on several websites and airlines around the world. They usually bring the cheapest fares.
BOOK YOUR ACCOMMODATION
For hotels, guesthouses, apartments, and other types of accommodation, I highly recommend Booking.com. They are my go-to booking site because they usually have the cheapest fares.
If you’re a registered Booking.com user (“Genius”), you can take advantage of their “Genius discount” to save even more money. I almost always book my accommodation with Booking, and I’ve saved thousands of dollars with their Genius discount.
And of course, as one of the largest travel booking sites in the world, Expedia is another excellent accommodation booking site with a free reward program and discounted member prices.
If you’re looking to save money by staying at a hostel, HostelWorld has the largest inventory of hostels with shared dorms and private rooms. On the other hand, Vrbo offers a wide variety of rooms and apartments at affordable prices.
DON’T FORGET YOUR TRAVEL INSURANCE
Travel insurance with comprehensive coverage will protect you against unexpected events like theft, cancellations, injury, and illness. I use World Nomads to insure my trips.
If you’re a nomad and travel often or long-term, then SafetyWing could help you save a lot of money on long-term travel insurance.
FIND THE BEST TOURS AT THE BEST PRICES
If you’re looking for the best day tours and cheapest ticket entrances to local attractions, I recommend checking Viator, as they have the largest selection of attractions, passes, and activities all around the world.
BOOK YOUR LOCAL TRANSPORTATION AHEAD OF TIME
Bookaway offers the easiest and most accessible way to book overland transportation with local operators, be it by bus, train, ferry, plane, mini-van, or even private transfers.
If renting a car, then I highly recommend DiscoverCars to get the largest car selection at the best price.
OTHER TRAVEL AND MONEY-SAVING TIPS?
Lastly, check out my resources page for some of the best products and companies to use for your trip. If you like saving money (like I do!), then this page will help.
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