At the beach in Koh Nang Yuan, Thailand

By Norbert Figueroa, an experienced architect, travel writer, long-term budget traveler, and photographer with over 13 years of travel experience in over 139 countries and counting. @globotreks

GloboTreks is reader-supported through affiliate links. If you make a purchase through these links, I will earn a commission at no extra cost to you. Thanks for your support! – Norbert

Essaouira is one of those small towns in Morocco you hear people say how much they loved, yet you don’t get to know much about it. That is until you get there. And once there, you see why people love it!

I reached Essaouira after a 3 hours bus ride from Marrakech. It was a huge contrast going from a major inland city to a small coastal town.

As soon as I hopped off the bus, I walked straight to the medina and checked in at my hotel – Maison du Sud.

I was immediately welcomed with a nice cup of Moroccan tea with mint and great hospitality. What I liked the most about Maison du Sud was its centric location in the medina and that it is a riad.

A riad is a traditional Moroccan house with an interior courtyard or garden. In fact, the word riad comes from the Arabian term for garden, ryad.

These houses were designed this way in order to provide privacy to the family (especially for women) and to protect themselves from the Morrocan weather.

The Inner Courtyard at Maison du Sud, Essaouira
The Inner Courtyard at Maison du Sud.

Maison still conserves its riads characteristics, which makes it a very charming place to stay and experience the architecture that once dominated the domestic environment in Morocco.

Now, going back to the point I made before about not knowing much about Essaouira before going there.

Well, in my opinion, Essaouira is not one of those towns you go to sightsee and check your “things to do” list. In fact, do a “things to do in Essaouira” Google search and you won’t find much.

Essaouira is more relaxed and in order to enjoy it, you just have to experience it as if you had nothing to do and go with the flow. Don’t worry; if you’re looking for activities to do, believe me, you’ll come across them as you walk around. You’ll see.

Essaouira, Morocco
One of the many alleys in the medina

The next morning I made the point to walk aimlessly around the medina and along the beach. Walking up and down the beach strand and the main streets in the medina is the thing to do in Essaouira. Everyone does it, especially at night.

Discovering Essaouira’s History

Just a 3-minute walk from the hotel and I bump into the first interesting sight, the fortress walls of the medina. The medina is actually a UNESCO site since it is a great example of a late 18th-century fortified town.

Essaouira, Morocco

The fortress walls are built right at the edge of the sea, on top of the rock formations, and border the entire medina all the way inland.

As you walk on the walls by the sea, you can hear the sound of the waves crashing with a strong force against the rocks.

And once you step into one of the crenellations atop the walls facing the sea, you intensify the sounds with the view of the waves and the flying mist created after the crash.

It is a beautiful setting that could leave you perplexed for hours.

Essaouira, Morocco

I continued my walk along the coast to find the Skala du Port, a fortification dating from the Portuguese occupation.

I paid the 10 Dhs to walk up the fortification. Totally worth it. From it, you get the best view of the medina and its walls, on the opposite side you get a vantage point of the old port, and a bit ahead you see the Iles Purpuraires and its Phoenician ruins.

Back in time, the Romans used to scour the bay for murex shells to make the purple dye for their robes – hence the name of the islands.

Essaouira, Morocco
Skala du Port
Essaouira, Morocco
The view of the medina from Skala du Port

The view is beautiful, and I dare to say very dynamic thanks to the thousands, yes, thousands of seagulls flying all over the place.

Here once stood the Castelo Real of Mogador, built by the Portuguese in the 16th century, back when Essaouira was called Mogador.

To me, the old port looks like it has been operating in the same manner for hundreds of years. It’s all very manual.

Fishermen unload their daily catch, clean and sell the fish right there, prepare the hooks and nets for the next catch, and even build and repair their boats by hand!

Essaouira, Morocco

Beyond the active labor, the port is a very colorful setting of blue boats, colorful flags, brown fortress stones, and more.

I don’t eat fish, but I’d say this is the place where you should eat fish.

Then, it was time to extend my walk towards the beach.

A Relaxing Beach Walk in Essaouira

I walked for a couple of miles, seeing dozens of camels and horses along the beach –many of them in a queue for you to ride them– and active sports like Quad Biking, windsurfing, kite surfing, and other watersports. See what I said? You just have to walk to find all the stuff Essaouira has to offer.

Essaouira, Morocco
Camels on the beach!

I didn’t do any of the activities since I’ve done them before and was just in the mood to have a relaxing walk on the beach.

I continued walking until I reached the estuary.  I was almost about to turn around and return until something caught my attention. From far it looked like a mass of rocks on the sea, but with a closer look, I could see it was not natural, but man-made.

I was curious, but there was one problem. I was wearing jeans and sneakers (since march is still a bit chilly), and the “curious thing” is on the other side of the estuary.  Hmm, what a dilemma.

I just took off my sneakers, rolled up my jeans to my knees, and crossed the estuary.  Unfortunately, the estuary was slightly deeper than knee-high, so my jeans got all wet, but I didn’t care.

I reached the mass of rocks, which I found out later is called Bourj El Baroud. This is a ruined watchtower set on the edge of the beach.

During low tide, you can walk up to it, but on high tide, the strong waves crash into it with no mercy. This kind of setting is something you only see in movies!

Essaouira, Morocco

People in Essaouira refer to it as the Portuguese Castle, but in reality, it was not made by the Portuguese, but by Mohammed ben Abdallah in the 18th century.

People also say it was the inspiration for Jimi Hendrix’s song, Castles Made of Sand. Well, it isn’t as supposedly Hendrix visited Essaouira once in 1969, two years after the song was made.

Anyway, this brings up another characteristic of Essaouira. It used to be a hippy center back in the ’70s, with high influences of Bob Marley and Jimi Hendrix.

Nowadays you can still see faint traces of its hippy past when you walk past a few stores, see some interesting locals, and get offered hashish here and there.

Hashish or not, one thing is for sure in Essaouira; it will be easy for you to relax in this small town and love it for its history, beauty, and simplicity combined.

Now you know why I love Essaouira. Can’t wait to go back!

Falling in Love with Essaouira, Morocco
Adventure Awaits


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  1. Norbert, you make me want to return to Essaouira right now. I was only there for an afternoon. I need to return for a more relaxed visit. Thanks for the inspiration.

  2. Perhaps you didn’t know that Orson Welles filmed much “Othello” there and there are some dramatic scenes in the movie set along the ramparts with the crashing waves below. He and his cast and crew had to stay there for much longer than they had planned because of money troubles. There is a square there called Place Orson Welles. (He filmed another scene up north in the Portuguese Cistern in El Jadida.

    1. Hi James, Oh I didn’t know it was filmed here too! I knew it filmed in El Jadida, but didn’t know about this one. Thanks for the tip!

  3. I spent 10 days there, because I loved it too and agree with everything you said about it. It really was just a peaceful getaway from the rest of crazy Morocco. Did you make it to Chefchaouen? Now that place I loved even more than Essaouira.

  4. I keep saying how it would be a great business idea to let tourists pay $20 to fire those cannons at little radio-controlled boats. If they hit the boat they get a free beer!

  5. Nice pictures.
    In “One of the many alleys in the medinas” we see in the fond the entry to the Portuguese church and in that alley there was also the Portuguese consulate. These historical monuments are unfortunately abandoned and are worth a better preservation as example of the importance Essaouira had as a trading port with Europe in the 18-19 th century.
    The Portuguese occupied Mogadouro in early 16th century and constructed a fort “Castello Real” (1506) which was totally demolished in the 18th century, following the plans to build the Essaouira city and fortifications by Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah in the 18th century , the Scalas of the Kasbah and the Port.

    1. Hi Jan –

      Wow, thanks for the info! I agree that those monuments should be preserved since they hold so much history of the city. And they are beautiful indeed.

  6. Oh, these Comments are from 2013…
    I was in Marrakech and Essauira in January 2020… Only managed 1 day in the little lovely sea town but, will come back when all our horrible lock downs are over…. Such a lovely place needs more visits….and so does Marrakech and all the lovely Moroccan people…
    See you again Morocco.

    1. This post has been around for a while, but the charm from Essaouira is still there! I’m glad you enjoyed it too and are looking to go back. I’m also looking forward to revisiting it!

      1. It’s just such a lovely place Norbert and, the Morrocan people are lovely ☺️
        I came across this page because I found a sad article about a completely silent looking article about Marrakech and, how empty it looks now during this horrible lock down and, with my visit in January fresh in mind, this article felt almost surreal.
        So sad but, I’m sure the Country will be up again soon. I still have plenty of plases I want to explore there… The market in Essaouire just one of these places, as I certainly haven’t had enough of that..
        Have a great weekend from Dublin