At the beach in Koh Nang Yuan, Thailand

By Norbert Figueroa, an experienced architect, travel writer, long-term budget traveler, and photographer with over 13 years of travel experience in over 139 countries and counting. @globotreks

GloboTreks is reader-supported through affiliate links. If you make a purchase through these links, I will earn a commission at no extra cost to you. Thanks for your support! – Norbert

Chichen Itza is arguably one of the most famous Maya Archeological sites in all Central America.  It is the largest Maya site in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and to this date, it is one of the most visited attractions in Mexico.

Chichen Itza, which means “Mouth of the Well of the Itza”, was named a UNESCO site in 1988 and recently named as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

One thing to know is that Chichen Itza gets ridiculously crowded and hot, so it is recommended to go early in the morning to avoid these.

El Castillo at Chichen Itza

Though it is far from Mexico City, it is possible to visit the site from Cancun, another popular destination in Mexico. You can either take a three-hour bus ride from the bus terminal or buy a tour departing from there.

Chichen Itza was a center of pilgrimage for the ancient Maya for over 1,000 years. The Mayas inhabited the city from 500 AD to 900 AD, when the Maya civilization declined.  Around 987 AD, the ruler of the Toltec people of central Mexico came to Chichen Itza, and with his Maya allies made the site the most powerful city in the Yucatan.

The ruler called himself “Kukulcan”, the name of the Mesoamerican Feathered Serpent deity. Chichen Itza became a center for worship of that god as well.

About 1221 AD the Maya revolted against the rulers of Chichen Itza.  Even though this revolt generated a decline in the city, pilgrimages by the Mayas were still done until the Spanish Conquistadors came in the 16th century.

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While the site is pretty big and there are many guided tours to choose from, you don’t necessarily need to pay for those to properly visit the site and learn about its history.

The ruins are well identified and their respective information is written in front of them.  But, if you wish to, well-informed guides speaking all major languages are available to hire.

Tip: Since Chichen Itza is so crowded; it is really easy to piggyback or eavesdrop on any guided tour.

Some of the Important Buildings to see at Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza, Mexico

The Pyramid of Kukulcan or El Castillo

This is the most famous landmark of Chichen Itza. This was a pyramid temple dedicated to the Feathered Serpent God, Kukulcan. On the north side, Sculptures of the Feathered Serpents run down the staircase.

During the Spring and Fall equinox, the shadows create the form of a serpent going down the staircase. If you add the steps of the four stairways up they total 364, plus add the top platform to equal 365 – a perfect calendar year.

Chichen Itza, Mexico

Temple of the Warriors

This temple is one of the most impressive structures at Chichen Itza. The temple consists of four platforms, flanked on the west and south sides by 200 round and square columns. It may be the only known late classic Maya building big enough to hold really large gatherings.

Great Ballcourt

This ball court is the largest in the whole Mundo Maya.

Temple of the Jaguars

This structure is attached to the ballcourt complex. It has a stone jaguar, feathered serpent columns, and murals.

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Chichen Itza, Mexico

The platform of the Skulls

This is a Toltec structure where the heads of sacrificial victims were placed. The platform walls have carved reliefs of four different subjects: skulls, a scene with a human sacrifice, eagles eating human hearts, and skeleton warriors with shields and arrows.

Chichen Itza, Mexico

Cenote of Sacrifice

This is a large natural well or limestone sinkhole that was used for sacrificial offerings to the ancient rain god “Chac”. This is the resting place for not only young virgins, and other men and women of all ages. Many artifacts of gold and jade were found here, some traced from as far away as Colombia.

El Caracol

A circular temple on a rectangular platform.  This building was also sacred to Kukulcan as it served as an astronomical observatory.

High Priest’s Grave

A smaller version of “El Castillo” that served as a tomb for one of the city’s rulers.

There are many more buildings to see at Chichen Itza as this is a bit complex, but these ones will give you a great idea of why this is such an important site.

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    1. Thanks! I had a good time taking pictures there and finding good spots without a crowd in front of me… lol

  1. Nice article and pics! We avoided the crowds by visiting in the shoulder season (fall). Our bluff was called though – hurricane season went late that year, so lots of rain. I suggest staying in the lovely colonial town of Valladolid (about 30 min by minivan or taxi from Chichen Itza). We stayed at El Meson del Marques- wonderful interior courtyard for lazy rainy afternoon dining and their house speciality- lemon cheesecake. The rain cleared the morning we visited Chichen Itza, so we had it practically to ourselves. Some really lovely wood mask carving to be had there, too. Nora (fittravelgirl on Twitter)

    1. Thanks Nora! Thanks for the Valladolid recommendation. I stopped there on the way back to Cancun. It’s good you had the place to yourself and with a sunny day. It’s nice when rain deters people from going to a sight and then the weather turns out nice and you get to enjoy the place without many people. But yes, like you said, shoulder season in the Caribbean and Central America can be tricky with the hurricanes! πŸ™‚

  2. Chichen Itza is a place where you feel lost in the time, as if you go back thousands of years and you are able to touch the civilization, that lived there that time… It is a magical place!

    1. Richy, It is a really cool place indeed. And being able to see the remnants of an ancient civilization is priceless. πŸ™‚

  3. Nice summary of the site and pictures. How’s the weather is Chichen Itza in December? I definitely want to see the site someday.

    1. Hi Shtina – Thanks! The weather is warm or hot, but not extremely hot. Still, it’s always recommended to go early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

  4. Reading this, the first thing that came to my mind was 2012 prediction. I just can’t shake them of whenever I see those ancient structures and the word maya.

    1. Well, it is pretty easy to make that connection since the “2012 prediction” is accredited to the Maya long count calendar. While the Mayas did mention 2012 in their calendar, the doom predictions were created by misinterpretations and hollywood movies. Still, it’s hard not to associate both. πŸ™‚

  5. The ancient architectural genius of the engineers of those ages is so extraordinary. I always behold on these wonders.